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Ʊע_英语国家概况 澳大利亚简介.ppt


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Ʊע_英语国家概况 澳大利亚简介.ppt
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AustraliaGeographyandHistoryGovernmentandSocietyGeography LocationandSizeAustralialiesintheSouthernHemisphere,ountryissurroundedbyseaonallsides:thePacificOceanontheeast,theIndianOceanonthewest,theArafuraSeaonthenorthandtheSouthernIndianOceanonthesouth.Itistheonlynationtogovernanentirecontinentanitsoutlyingislands.Withatotalareaofnearly7.7millionsquarekilometers,Australiaisthesixthlargestcountrytheworld,afterRussia,Canada,China,theU.S.andBrazil.GeographicalRegionsBroadlyspeaking,Australiacanbedividedintothreegeographicalregions:theEasternHighlands,theCentralLowlandsandWesternPlateau.ThehighestpointofelevationinAustralia,MountKosciuszko,whichrisestosome2,228metersabovesealevel,islocatedhere.ThereismorerainfallontheeasterncoastalplainthananywhereelseinAustralia.RainfallisheavyinnorthernandsouthwesternAustralia,butthecentralregioniscoveredwithdesert.ClimateandMajorCitiesJanuaryandFebruaryarethehottestsummermonths,whileJuneandJulyarethecoldestwintermonths.Australiaiswidelyknownas“theDryContinent”duetoitslowrainfall.Thearidity(干旱)ofAustraliastemsfromitsproximitytotheequator.Overtwo-thirdsoftheAustraliapopulationliveinthebigcities.ThemajorurbancentersofAustraliaincludeCanberra(堪培拉),Sydney,Melbourne(墨尔本),Brisbane(布里斯班),Perth(珀斯),Adelaide(阿德莱德)andDarwin(达尔文).CanberraisthecapitalcityofAustraliaandislocatedintheAustraliaCapitalTerritory.SydneyisthecapitalcityofNewSouthWalesandisAustralia’slargestandoldestcity.HistoryBeforetheWesternersfoundAustralia,onlyAustralianaborigineslivedthere.Inthe16thcentury,theEuropeansbegantoexploreAustralia.In1606,theSpanishnavigator—LuisVaesdeTorresfoundtheplace,buthedidn’texploreitfurther.Inthesameyear,aDutchman—Williamarrivedinthecontinent.Thenin1770,theEnglishnavigatorCaptainJamesCookdiscoveredtheeasterncastleofAustraliaandnameditNewSouthWales..Soon,heclaimedthatthecontinentbelongedtoEngland.In1779,JosephBanks—anaturalistonCook’sboatadvisedtheEnglishgovernmentapprovedofhissuggestion.In1787,afleetconsistingofelevenvesselsarrivedinNewSouthWales.O 内容来自极速时时彩开奖直播_极速时时彩平台 - 花少钱中大奖豆网lmsv.cn转载请标明出处.